Rank: Top 1000
Wonder Type: Cultural
The city was founded on June 1, 1533, and named after Cartagena, Spain, itself after the original Carthage in Tunisia. However, settlement in this region around Cartagena Bay by various indigenous people dates back to 4000 BC. During the colonial period Cartagena served a key role in administration and expansion of the Spanish empire. It was a center of political and economic activity due to the presence of royalty and wealthy viceroys.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Cartagena", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike 3.0 License.