Rank: Top 100
Wonder Type: Cultural
Country: Saudi Arabia
Mecca or Makkah is located 70 km (43 mi) inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of 277 m (909 ft) above sea level. As the birthplace of Muhammad and the site of Muhammad's first revelation of the Quran (specifically, a cave 3 km (2 mi) from Mecca), Mecca is regarded as the holiest city in the religion of Islam and a pilgrimage to it known as the Hajj is obligatory for all able Muslims. Mecca is home to the Kaaba, by majority description Islam's holiest site, as well as being the direction of Muslim prayer.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Mecca", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike 3.0 License.