Rank: Top 300
Wonder Type: Cultural
In the 19th century Sintra became the first centre of European Romantic architecture. Ferdinand II turned a ruined monastery into a castle where this new sensitivity was displayed in the use of Gothic, Egyptian, Moorish and Renaissance elements and in the creation of a park blending local and exotic species of trees. Other fine dwellings, built along the same lines in the surrounding serra , created a unique combination of parks and gardens which influenced the development of landscape architecture throughout Europe.
This article uses material from UNESCO World Heritage List article "Sintra", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike 3.0 IGO License.