Rank: Top 300
Wonder Type: Cultural
Built at the end of the 16th century on a plan in the form of a grill, the instrument of the martyrdom of St Lawrence, the Escurial Monastery stands in an exceptionally beautiful site in Castile. Its austere architecture, a break with previous styles, had a considerable influence on Spanish architecture for more than half a century. It was the retreat of a mystic king and became, in the last years of Philip II's reign, the centre of the greatest political power of the time. [More Details]
This article uses material from UNESCO World Heritage List article "El Escorial", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike 3.0 IGO License.